Even if inscriptions found in the city say what it was called, we wouldn’t know. INDUS CIVILIZATION (3250 BC - 2750 BC) In the year 1922, archaeologists dug up a few places in the Indus valley and carried out excavations at Mohenjodara (meaning a mound of dead) in Sind (in Pakistan) and at Harappa on the river Ravi in Punjab. Background of Indus Valley Civilization The Indus Valley Civilization was an old human progress situated in what is Pakistan and northwest India today, on the prolific flood plain of the Indus River and its region. Apart from food production, a substantial section of people were engaged in activities like administration, trade, craft or religion. Proof of strict rehearses around there go back roughly to 5500 BCE. Current archaeological data suggest that material culture classified as Late Harappan may have persisted until at least c. 1000-900 BCE and was partially contemporaneous with the Painted Grey Ware culture. Question 13. However, the Indus Valley Civilization did not disappear suddenly, and many elements of the Indus Civilization can be found in later cultures. With baths and toilets in each house, communal trash disposal at the street corners, no less than 700 wells for fresh water and a sophisticated drainage system, Mohenjo Daro was among the biggest settlements of the Indus Valley civilization, which stretched over a million square kilometers in today’s Pakistan, Afghanistan and India. In this post, let's see the features of Indus Valley Civilisation arts as part of the Indian Culture notes based on the NCERT text ‘An Introduction to Indian Art’ – Part 1. The Rig Veda also contributed to the rise of the caste system. Indus Valley Civilization *Represents priest king, has iconographic similarities to some SUmerian sculptures *Holes on side of jeck suggest he wore a necklace *Adorned with trefoils, that would habe held red paste in shel inlays (like the eyes, circles of the head, and arm bands would have) The Rig Veda was written by Aryans in the Indus Valley region, towards the end of the Harappan Civilization, around 1300 and 1000 BCE. The granaries in … Around 1500 BCE, a large group of nomadic cattle-herders, the Aryans, migrated into the region from central Asia. Indus script remains to be deciphered. However, we can say that the Indus Valley civilization, aka the Harappan civilization, is the earliest known urban constellation in the Indian subcontinent, and survived until at least 1,700 B.C.E. The first papermaking process was documented in China during the Eastern Han period (25-220 CE) The Silk Road or silk route was an ancient network of trade routes. The actual term 'hindu' first occurs, states Gavin Flood, as "a Persian geographical term for the people who lived beyond the river Indus (Sanskrit: Sindhu)", more specifically in the 6th-century BCE inscription of Darius I. 3 . The Punjab region, called Sapta Sindhu in the Vedas, is called Hapta Hindu in Zend Avesta. Initially it was pictographic and later it was converted into symbols. It was the first site to be excavated among all the Indus sites. of Indus Valley Civilisation is already published in this website. So Indus valley civilization was initially called as Harappan civilization. Multan and Uch were eminent cultural, commercial and political centers of this civilization in pre-Arian and post-Arian period Rig Ved, the oldest Hindu scripture was written in this area. The Rig Veda, being the oldest and largest of the Vedas, is a collection of 1,028 hymns which contain the mythology of the Hindu Gods. 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