Endangered Species Act. daily Federal Register on FederalRegister.gov will remain an unofficial Generally, only small, isolated populations remain. It is not an official legal edition of the Federal Louise Clemency, by one of the methods in ADDRESSES. publication in the future. In the recovery plan, we define the following delisting criteria based on the best available information on the species: 1. Although the massasauga rattlesnake is thought to be in decline throughout much of its range, only the eastern subspecies (Sistrurus c. catenatus) is currently under Under the Act, the Service added the eastern massasauga rattlesnake as a threatened species to the Federal List of Endangered and Threatened Wildlife on September 30, 2016 (81 FR 67193). Estimating abundance for a declining population of the eastern massasauga rattlesnake, Sistrurus catenatus catenatus, in Cicero, NY: application of multiple methods. %PDF-1.5 on from 45 agencies. This captive population includes approximately 50 individuals repre-senting wild populations from throughout the range of the Eastern Massasauga (Earnhardt et al. The northern populations in Ontario, Canada, around Georgian Bay are found in rock outcrop areas that are more similar to the habitat where we find timber rattlesnakes. 1531 et seq.). The draft recovery plan includes objective, measurable criteria and management actions as may be necessary for removal of the species from the Federal List of Endangered and Threatened Wildlife. and services, go to endobj Document page views are updated periodically throughout the day and are cumulative counts for this document. About the Federal Register Be cautious in massasauga areas by wearing leather boots or [FR Doc. %���� Federal Register. documents in the last year, 40 should verify the contents of the documents against a final, official This repetition of headings to form internal navigation links 01/19/2021, 154 Second, we show that most populations have contem‐ According to the reports of IUCN, … 1503 & 1507. This PDF is <> �?�m�������[�ӻ3����p��=�?��*�N����j@�02���CG��?�ó�?���s��j�h����ΊŰ:�1� I{M�ڟ٬���%�\uc���鰜�/TD��~P���i����P4l�$A(GGm翇@��6�D�e#�>�R��.i�P ���Y���*.����w&��l��@;|"�����B�وe I���5--5z�N��{�f0�����#��?��gq�3�e)"6����Dz5U%�7p�G�H��`�[IHn�|�~S��|{���F��}��ΊZo��]��]]��(��2T�bӤ%� Գ�ݡ�lIM�w?E��5���G'n��J�ڈ:ģ �R5��'X�@�כB�E�Q�KQ��Ճi`�D���ӣ�io� STATUS: The contiguous range of the eastern massasauga reaches from eastern Missouri, north to Wisconsin and eastward to southern Ontario and western Pennsylvania. From old western movies where 6-foot-long rattlers rear up to strike a cowboy on horseback to outrageous folktales of rattlesnakes chasing humans, a lot of bad press has been directed at rattlesnakes. Each document posted on the site includes a link to the Document availability: You may obtain a copy of the draft recovery plan by one of the following methods: Comment Submission: You may submit comments by one of the following methods: For additional information about submitting comments, see Availability of Public Comments in SUPPLEMENTARY INFORMATION. Three subspecies are currently recognized including the nominate subspecies described here. The eastern massasauga rattlesnake (Sistrurus catenatus catenatus) is a unique and fascinating part of Michigan's natural heritage. The eastern Section 4(f) of the Endangered Species Act of 1973, as amended (Act), requires the development of recovery plans for listed species, unless such a plan would not promote the conservation of a particular species. 2013). In order to preserve the population of rattlesnakes the Federal & State laws have laid down some principles. headings within the legal text of Federal Register documents. documents in the last year, 41 on This document has been published in the Federal Register. New Documents The ultimate recovery goal is to remove the eastern massasauga rattlesnake from the Federal List of Endangered and Threatened Wildlife (delist) by ensuring the long-term viability of the species in the wild. (Abbey Kucera / USFWS) The Lincoln Park Zoo joined conservation efforts to protect eastern massasaugas in 2009. Conservation ScienceProtecting Pennsylvania's Plants and Animals Species at Risk:Eastern Massasauga Rattlesnake This small, stout rattlesnake is listed by the U.S. documents in the last year, 1017 Fish and Wildlife Service (Service), announce the availability of the draft recovery plan for the threatened eastern massasauga rattlesnake (Sistrurus catenatus, “EMR”) for public review and comment. While you can ask us in your comment to withhold your personal identifying information from public review, we cannot guarantee that we will be able to do so. Eastern Massasauga Rattlesnake Few other animal groups are as persecuted as rattlesnakes. 01/19/2021, 106 <>/ProcSet[/PDF/Text/ImageB/ImageC/ImageI] >>/MediaBox[ 0 0 612 792] /Contents 4 0 R/Group<>/Tabs/S/StructParents 0>> The eastern massasauga is strongly associated with wetlands across most of its range. 01/19/2021, 199 3 0 obj Be sure to leave feedback using the 'Feedback' button on the bottom right of each page! stream The ultimate recovery goal is to remove the eastern massasauga rattlesnake from the Federal List of Endangered and Threatened Wildlife (delist) by ensuring the long-term viability of the species in the wild. Use the PDF linked in the document sidebar for the official electronic format. One such species is the eastern massasauga rattlesnake (Sistrurus catenatus catenatus), which is currently a candidate for listing under the U.S. Before including your address, phone number, email address, or other personal identifying information in your comment, you should be aware that your entire comment—including your personal identifying information—may be made publicly available at any time. The essential component to flexible implementation under this recovery process is producing a separate working document called the Recovery Implementation Strategy (implementation strategy). on NARA's archives.gov. The strategy also includes increasing public tolerance and support for EMR conservation by working with landowners, partners, and the public. The recovery strategy for the EMR includes addressing the threats of habitat loss due to development, conversion of habitat to agriculture, changes to land cover due to succession by invasive woody species, persecution or poaching, effects of climate change (flooding or drought), and emerging diseases. of the issuing agency. These can be useful for better understanding how a document is structured but corresponding official PDF file on govinfo.gov. We request review and comment on this draft recovery plan from local, State, and Federal agencies, and the public. informational resource until the Administrative Committee of the Federal Many populations of eastern massasauga rattlesnakes are small, and in such populations, loss of only a few individuals can have significant impacts (Seigel and Sheil 1999, p. 20), and prescribed fire was one of the most prominent stressors we identified in the SSA for the eastern massasauga rattlesnake. Disease, new or increasingly prevalent, is another emerging threat to the EMR. Open for Comment, Economic Sanctions & Foreign Assets Control, National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, American-Made Goods, Products, and Materials, National Aeronautics and Space Administration, https://www.federalregister.gov/d/2020-03778, MODS: Government Publishing Office metadata, https://www.fws.gov/​midwest/​Endangered/​reptiles/​eama/​index.html. Maintaining healthy populations will require protecting sufficient quantity of high-quality habitat and the reduction or management of threats where these populations occur. It is Michigan's only venomous snake, and one of only two rattlesnake species that occur in the Great Lakes region. Register documents. The eastern massasauga rattlesnake utilizes wetland habitats from early to late spring and … We, the U.S. the current document as it appeared on Public Inspection on documents in the last year, 68 A recovery plan will include statutorily required elements (objective, measurable criteria, site-specific management actions, and estimates of time and costs), along with a concise introduction and our strategy for how we plan to achieve species recovery. While every effort has been made to ensure that Overview Overview. The eastern massasauga is listed as endangered, threatened, or a species of concern in every state and province where it is found. has no substantive legal effect. They also dwell in parts of Southern Canada and Gulf of Mexico. Population status of the eastern massasauga at the Cicero Swamp Wildlife Management Area, Onondaga County, New York. Using an adaptive management framework and monitoring during recovery implementation will allow us to evaluate how to best manage for suitable habitat conditions, protect against disease epidemics, and lessen the effects of climate change to ensure that the recovery actions are effective in recovering the EMR. 4 0 obj The massasauga is native to the lower peninsula of Michigan and several other Great Lakes states. In a project managed by the Eastern Massasauga Rattlesnake Species Survival Plan® (SSP) and Lincoln Park Zoo, more than 20 zoos, the Edward Lowe Foundation, Northern Illinois University, and several wildlife agencies are studying a healthy massasauga population in Michigan. endobj The Public Inspection page may also On June 27, 2014, the population was split into two, with the Great Lakes – St. Lawrence population listed as threatened, and the Carolinian population listed as endangered. The President of the United States communicates information on holidays, commemorations, special observances, trade, and policy through Proclamations. The Massasauga Rattlesnake was listed as threatened when the Endangered Species Act took effect in 2008. Eastern Massasauga Rattlesnakes are the only species of rattlesnake found in northern Indiana. These markup elements allow the user to see how the document follows the 2021. Copeia 58:67-88. In Pennsylvania, only four of 19 historic populations still exist, making it a critically imperiled endangered species. that agencies use to create their documents. For complete information about, and access to, our official publications One such species is the eastern massasauga rattlesnake (Sistrurus catenatus catenatus), which is currently a candidate for listing under the U.S. endobj The eastern massasauga is generally found in small, isolated populations through-out its range. However, the rattlesnake that you find in Alabama is likely to be a different species to the one you would find in California. documents in the last year, by the Agricultural Marketing Service If you are using public inspection listings for legal research, you Register (ACFR) issues a regulation granting it official legal status. 6<8�h���#���ޭF����`kj�jI�G�'���h-D;)���I rP��&��4t���⒄���&c�,h!cX�Ǵi{�ב�w#�o��\tP�>���,�jO�R��Fǽ��¤ ���1N��T1���;���;s4z��C�iF\��:�$�h�s���֥�*0/�ܲ'>^x9kei�(j�B�R�>���&GR�K r�鋵���QB���sHGL�W3oJ,f|c:�M2Q��+0Ȯ���JB^M>&)��� �T�bX��v�Y��e�l����K���x�/�zm�:��r�.�)�٥�Yr�> %���9�F���Ə�)��na���OV���䏈���K��. 1997), the Eastern Massasauga rep- The massasauga is listed as threatened species by the US Fish and Wildlife Service under the Endangered Species Act. Federal Register issue. The eastern massasauga is primarily associated with wetland habitats but some populations also utilize adjacent upland habitats for parts of its life history. Description of Common Snapping Turtle. edition of the Federal Register. documents in the last year, 357 Size of Common Snapping Turtle: Adult turtles usually vary in length from 25 to 47 cm. on 2000). Additionally, this species is vulnerable to the effects of climate change through increasing intensity of winter droughts and increasing risk of summer floods, Start Printed Page 11099particularly in the southwestern part of its range. The map showing the three species conservation units is available on the internet at https://www.fws.gov/​midwest/​Endangered/​reptiles/​eama/​index.html. the Federal Register. on �s�DӤ�쌍�*���0 documents in the last year. better and aid in comparing the online edition to the print edition. The OFR/GPO partnership is committed to presenting accurate and reliable As a federally protected threatened species, it's illegal to hunt, harm or sell the eastern massasauga rattlesnake. by the Consumer Financial Protection Bureau Why has the eastern massasauga been listed as a threatened species? basic information on population demographics, critical to their effective management and recovery (Gibbons et al. "�E�>���σ��d�f��u��q}��Hȃ��YL��炽�1��E����뿩2]/�����[k�(�Rn\��(�u���q����3��J6���)���+,P�q������noJ@��.|�$\�ˊ��*J�o.hdNPN���%��B�"zҍREy’��)觷�g��SnY�U� ��jEr��T�'�I5FƔ�.���[Uh(_���@��g%��Q��IE��'h�8�a�� �6��� Rattlesnake bites, while extremely rare in Michigan, can and do occur. It has a heat-sensitive pit on each side of the head between the eye and the nostril. 2016) for a full discussion of the species' biology and threats.) First, we use SNP data to confirm previous reports that these populations exhibit high levels of genetic structure (overall Fst = 0.25). The implementation strategy will be adaptable by being able to incorporate new information without having to concurrently revise the recovery plan, unless changes to statutory elements are required. 02/25/2020 at 8:45 am. To maximize use of limited resources, we need to identify, then focus management and protection on, specific populations that will ensure that the species' breadth of adaptive diversity is maintained. Only official editions of the Isolated populations occur in central Missouri and western New York. documents in the last year, 28 Document Drafting Handbook The Service has revised its approach to recovery planning. �{Լ����%��X��}�e�jx��v�_�hJ"3oyl�g!&h(�r�0�V3�BMNs^�����&b֙p$-@8��\�w(��أA(�٬D�'2N��k�L�xP�M,y��тr���FD�l�֡ The USFWS now believes Illinois’ last wild population lives at Carlyle Lake, located about 280 miles south of Chicago. the official SGML-based PDF version on govinfo.gov, those relying on it for This site displays a prototype of a “Web 2.0” version of the daily Loss of habitat is their biggest threat. documents in the last year, by the Centers for Medicare & Medicaid Services y���Z��O�R�/SM���$�\��T�����mp;��R�����h8����-A+�7��������zuTk�p)��UL��p �m����-D �m@!�� rE�[��@9�?��� The species is impacted by a number of threats. provide legal notice to the public or judicial notice to the courts. from 27 agencies, updated on 8:45 AM on Tuesday, January 19, 2021, 105 documents One can easily spot these species along the Rocky Mountains of eastern USA. Assistant Regional Director, Ecological Services, Midwest Region. electronic version on GPO’s govinfo.gov. �I>:�^��v�}u�p>�M��Z�T�Њ�#�m��U,����� The probability of continued persistence over 50 years is 95 percent within each of 3 conservation units. Lastly, successful recovery will necessitate an adaptive management approach. ACRES protects several properties with suitable habitat for Massasaugas. It is believed that populations have been extirpated in at least two States (Minnesota and Missouri). The Eastern Massasauga rattlesnake (Sistrurus c. catenatus) was originally a subspecies of the more widespread Massasauga rattlesnake (S. catenatus), a thick-bodied species of snake which inhabits a large range. rendition of the daily Federal Register on FederalRegister.gov does not This prototype edition of the ate genetic diversity in 17 populations spanning the geographic range of the endangered eastern massasauga rattlesnake (Sistrurus catenatus). The President of the United States manages the operations of the Executive branch of Government through Executive orders. on New York Natural Heritage Program. <> With a fragmented distribution and low rates of dispersal (Gibbs et al. In Indiana the eastern massasauga is rare and populations are limited to the northern half of the state. captive Eastern Massasauga population as part of the Eastern Massasauga Species Survival Plan . Eastern Massasauga (Sistrurus catenatus) is a State Endangered Species and a Federally Threatened Species.This rattlesnake is strongly associated with floodplain habitats along medium to large rivers, especially near river confluences, where they primarily occupy open canopy wetlands, such as sedge meadows, fresh wet meadows, shrub-carrs, and adjacent upland … Until the ACFR grants it official status, the XML 2020-03778 Filed 2-25-20; 8:45 am], updated on 4:15 PM on Tuesday, January 19, 2021, 32 documents Rattlesnakes can be found in almost every U.S. state. Counts are subject to sampling, reprocessing and revision (up or down) throughout the day. 2 0 obj Federal Register provide legal notice to the public and judicial notice We’ve made big changes to make the eCFR easier to use. on FederalRegister.gov The prairie rattleer in western and central New York. The implementation strategy steps down from the more general description of actions in the recovery plan to detail the specific, near-term activities needed to implement the recovery plan. offers a preview of documents scheduled to appear in the next day's The EMR is a small pit viper that occurred historically in 10 States (Illinois, Indiana, Iowa, Michigan, Minnesota, Missouri, New York, Ohio, Pennsylvania, and Wisconsin) and in Ontario, Canada. Conservation Status of Eastern Massasauga Rattlesnake. A series of spots and saddles are arranged down the back and sides. are not part of the published document itself. This feature is not available for this document. on documents in the last year, 317 Krofta, Alex T. 2007. x��ێ�6�=@��/��+��(� �$ۦ�`�&�}h��ef����Iۯ�sx�,�*�qd����o$��=y�껻�woH~sC^��%�?�|��?a-9����Fr�Lj�+�K"ῲ �^���=~�����Y��|��勷�����%$@��#tU�кR�. Fish and Wildlife Service protects the eastern massasauga rattlesnake under the Endangered Species Act. Distribution: Eastern Massasaugas are a snake of glaciated Ohio, with records throughout the northern and western region of the state. establishing the XML-based Federal Register as an ACFR-sanctioned The revised process is intended to reduce the time needed to develop and implement recovery plans, increase recovery plan relevancy over a longer timeframe, and add flexibility to recovery plans so they can be adjusted to new information or circumstances. Fish and Wildlife Service as a federally threatened species. The Massasauga rattlesnake Great Lakes-St.Lawrence population is currently listed as Threatened and the Massasauga rattlesnake’s Carolinan population is listed as Endangered under the Ontario Endangered Species Act, 2007 and Threatened under the federal Species at Risk Act. The implementation strategy will be developed following publication of the final recovery plan and will be made available on the Service's website at that time. The massasauga is a rattlesnake species found in midwestern North America from southern Ontario to northern Mexico and parts of the United States in between. 1 0 obj 2. Endangered (Carolinian population) Threatened (Great Lakes / St. Lawrence population) SARA status: Endangered (Carolinian population) Threatened (Great Lakes / St. Lawrence population) IUCN status: Least Concern; Description. More information and documentation can be found in our documents in the last year, 235 documents in the last year, by the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration Learn more here. Notice of availability and request for public comment. In order to be considered, comments must be received on or before March 27, 2020. Register, and does not replace the official print version or the official the material on FederalRegister.gov is accurately displayed, consistent with The eastern massasauga rattlesnake (Sistrurus catenatus catenatus) is a candidate for federal listing as a threatened or endangered Distinct Population Segment (DPS) (U.S. FWS 2003). We request review and comment on this draft recovery plan from local, State, and Federal agencies, and the public. These norms are followed in various parts of Canada and USA. The eastern massasauga averages 18 to 30 inches in length. The eastern massasauga, a rare sight for most Michigan residents, has been declining due to fragmentation and loss of wetland habitat. documents in the last year, 774 �3H���^�D� )��%8���K��cy���"y��=gT����i�^]W���ț�VU֯�Y�ݯ�E6��ݑ;�^f���V��^���O���OPVȜV��*��U�����1�}Yɬ}&���_��v�Q"Ǟ��e��Q/7����(���So�Fv���k�'�ML�,�2�SL�i̤��,����-�"B�e�HYմ���� 01/19/2021, 388 01/19/2021, 884 Eastern Massasauga Rattlesnake - Sistrurus catenatus catenatus We had found two exceptional adults in less than a half hour in November, it was a very good day. The authority for this action is section 4(f) of the Endangered Species Act of 1973, as amended (16 U.S.C. A Notice by the Fish and Wildlife Service on 02/26/2020. Thesis. w��~a=ge�w_l��S�Y�XM��L@�a{���o᯸�VϷ7�ܾ����U���ͅ)<77,�g%���AW�`U`̠�H�Q8���?�D��,�DK�{c�׊�Ems^��'qCm�y^��W[{[�WjMU��L>e?��)��DS/i9:~)�����]�v�4�(sZ�1[�V:y�$h��)M5%�#�)�QQ����(���.���o����a]��8� Z���N\��5`�ij��F���D����q+���} ɪ*���48C.�An��ߋ. The President of the United States issues other types of documents, including but not limited to; memoranda, notices, determinations, letters, messages, and orders. The pupil of each eye is vertically elliptical. If you encounter an eastern massasauga rattlesnake, … r,�7�'ZDDsҌ��a�Y&��df��9���ZXp��-�-%�Bآ���p�`EA��S��OKh developer tools pages. 2011; Ray et al. documents in the last year, 1484 documents in the last year, 793 include documents scheduled for later issues, at the request The Eastern Massasauga is a pygmy rattlesnake… 1918. Massasaugas are docile, secretive snakes that will try to escape rather than fight. regulatory information on FederalRegister.gov with the objective of We invite you to try out our new beta eCFR site at https://ecfr.federalregister.gov. It is a small- to medium-sized snake, with adult lengths averaging 2 to 3 feet. These tools are designed to help you understand the official document The U.S. 01/19/2021, 326 Wet prairie is the preferred habitat in the west, bogs and swamps in the east. What is an eastern massasauga rattlesnake? The snake is listed as threatened because of loss of population throughout its range. documents in the last year, 974 Nine of the 11 states/province that historically had massasauga populations now have less than 50 percent of their historic populations, while the remaining two have lost more than 30 percent of theirs. These snakes are state endangered and federally threatened, granting them protection against poaching. The eastern massasauga rattlesnake (Sistrurus catenatus catenatus) is a little-known rattlesnake with limited distribution in Pennsylvania (Allegheny, … legal research should verify their results against an official edition of documents in the last year, 71 Poaching, either by persecution or illegal collection for the pet trade, is also a continuing threat. documents in the last year, by the Defense Department, the General Services Administration, and the National Aeronautics and Space Administration documents in the last year, 655 A rattle is present at the tip of the tail. Final report - summer 1988. Average Total Length: 24” Description: The Eastern Massasauga is a small rattlesnake with a ground color of gray, tan, or golden tan. documents in the last year, 1520 Fish and Wildlife Service, announce the availability of the draft recovery plan for the threatened eastern massasauga rattlesnake. (Refer to the Species Status Assessment Report (Szymanski et al. Also pursuant to section 4(f) of the Act, a recovery plan must, to the maximum extent practicable, include (1) a description of site-specific management actions as may be necessary to achieve the plan's goals for the conservation and survival of the species; (2) objective, measurable criteria that, when met, would support a determination under section 4(a)(1) that the species should be removed from the List of Endangered and Threatened Species; and (3) estimates of the time and costs required to carry out those measures needed to achieve the plan's goal and to achieve intermediate steps toward that goal. Its head is flattened and much wider than the neck. In this Issue, Documents The loss of habitat was historically, and continues to be, the threat with greatest impact to the species, either through loss of habitat to development or through changes in habitat structure due to vegetative succession. The recovery plan is supported by a separate Species Status Assessment. 3. <>>> to the courts under 44 U.S.C. Scales are keeled (ridged). documents in the last year, by the Agriculture Department The Public Inspection page Threats from climate change and disease are addressed such that a probability of persistence of 95 percent over 50 years in each of the 3 conservation units is maintained. Like all rattlesnakes, it is a pit viper, and like all pit vipers, it is venomous. The Massasauga (Sistrurus catenatus) is a stout-bodied, relatively small rattlesnake that feeds primarily on small mammals. Moesel, J. Endangered Species Act. We, the U.S. This table of contents is a navigational tool, processed from the

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