Also drove several attendees up, in the 31 months I was in Frankfurt, to the Academy and I always went to Ayers Kaserne to drop them off and pick them up. There is a small memorial at Mere in Wiltshire. 1st Plat Co B 15th Engr C Bn (9th Div) 27 Oct 44-11 Nov 44 897th FA Bn (75th Div) (105 How) 24 Dec 44-29 Dec 44 [9][10] The 3rd Armored Division suffered 15 soldiers killed between December 1990 and late February 1991. stories or thoughts on the subject, please contact me. Following the war, 3rd Armored Division was one of the first units rotated to Camp Doha, Kuwait, providing protection to Kuwait as it rebuilt. The wide range of items donated by veterans of all units within the division has made the Association archives a comprehensive historical record of one of the finest U.S. army divisions in … Division history in World War II, the Cold War, and the Gulf War. If you have any data on units and those who served we would be interested in adding it to our digital project-library; please Contact Us. 1.1. 2d & 3d Bns 60th Inf (9th Div) 17 Aug 44-19 Aug 44 13th Inf (8th Div) 26 Feb 45-17 Mar 45 Two of the five armies in the GSFG were positioned to advance through the Fulda Gap. The division "spearheaded" the US First Army through Normandy, taking part in a number of engagements, notably including the Battle of Saint Lô, where it suffered significant casualties. 60th Inf (9th Div) 22 Apr 45-24 Apr 45, 803d TD Bn (SP) 25 Jun 44-2 Jul 44 2d Bn 47th Inf (9th Div) 24 Nov 44-26 Nov 44 The 3rd Armored Division ("Spearhead"[1]) was an armored division of the United States Army. Soissons, Mons, Namur, and Liège were among the dozens of places in the swath cut by the Spearhead. By the fourth day, the division reached its objective, and pursued its now retreating enemy. MG Paul Funk reviews plans with Brigade Commanders and Aides – note woodland camouflage. It was the largest coalition division in the Gulf War and the largest U.S. armored division in history. From the breakthrough west of St.Lô to the final surrender of the Nazis, the 3d Armored was in the thick of things. On the night of 25 August 1944 the crossing of the Seine by the division started; once over, the 3rd slugged its way across France, reaching Belgium on 2 September 1944. 290th CT (75th Div) 23 Dec 44-31 Dec 44 Rhineland 32d Armored Regiment 15 Jul 1944 Col Truman Everett Boudinot Liberated in the path of the division were Meaux, Seissons, Laon, Marle, Mons, Charleroi, Namur and Liege. 1st Bn 18th Inf (1st Div) 11 Apr 45-25 Apr 45 The 3rd Armored Division continued fighting during the Battle of Bulge, far north of the deepest German penetration. 703d TD Bn (SP) 25 Jun 44-17 Dec 44 1. [4], The 3rd Armored Division had thirty-nine commanders over the course of its history, many of whom went on to four star rank.[5]. Some 3rd Armored Units were also transferred to the 1st Armored, notably the 2nd Battalion, 3rd Field Artillery Regiment, later to become semi-famous as the unit portrayed in Gunner Palace. Cavalry Reconnaissance Squadron (Mech. According to Karl Lowe in his www.usarmygermany.com article, in 1976 the army wanted to move the 2nd Brigade's Home Station from Gelnhausen to Alsfeld, which lies in the Northern Advance Route for Soviet Forces out of the Fulda Gap. 5th Infantry Division. In response to the changing cold war scenario, 3AD was instructed to begin selective standing down of various division elements during the summer of 1990. Still listed as active with a strength of 0%. Mission accomplished," said Maj. Gen. Jerry Rutherford, the division commander. On 31 March, the commander of the division, Major General Maurice Rose, famed as one of few commanding generals to frequent the front lines during combat, rounded a corner in his jeep and found himself face to face with a German tank. 898th CT (75th Div) 23 Dec 44-31 Dec 44 67th Armored Field Artillery Battalion 289th CT (75th Div) 24 Dec 44-29 Dec 44 Ayers Kaserne, 1985. One hundred hours after the ground campaign started, President Bush declared a ceasefire. In response to the changing cold war scenario, 3AD was instructed to begin selective standing down of various Division elements during the summer of 1990. 730th FA Bn (155 How) (75th Div) 24 Dec 44-29 Dec 44 Air Force Units Army Units Coast Guard Units Marine Corps Units Navy Units Become a VetFriends Member Site Map. The division and its equipment were shifted from Germany to Saudi Arabia, with in some cases, Army National Guard and Army Reserve elements taking over some of their duties in Germany, while in others, kasernes were left virtually empty. Find People you served with from 3rd Armored Division. Other units were attached to 3AD to bring it up to, and even beyond full strength. The division began a thrust into the Rhineland of Germany on 7 February 1945. Division troops crossing the Siegfried line to Germany. It replaced the 4th Infantry Division under a program called Operation Gyroscope. “Call me Spearhead” is his favorite phrase. September 15: It became the first division completely to pierce the Siegfried Line. September 18 ( as the final touch ) : Its antiaircraft gunners became the first Americans to shoot down a German plane from German soil. In June 1941, it moved to Camp Polk Louisiana (now Fort Polk). 54th Armored Field Artillery Battalion, 3rd Ordnance Maintenance Battalion The unit was reorganized as the 1st Squadron, 32nd Cavalry Regiment, and is assigned to the 1st Brigade Combat Team of the 101st Airborne Division (Air Assault) as its organic Reconnaissance, Surveillance, and Target Acquisition (RSTA) element. 413th AAA Gun Bn (Mbl) 7 Jul 44-16 Jul 44, Co A 738th Tk Bn (Mine Explorer) 6 Dec 44-15 Jan 45 Unfortunately, that same evening, the 4th Battalion, 32d Armor lost the division's first casualties in a Bradley Fighting Vehicle to 25mm cannon fire – with two soldiers killed and three wounded. William Teicholz of the 3rd AD, and his son, World War II pictures of the division at work & rest, Detailed early-to-mid Cold War History of the division, from usarmygermany.com, "The Tanker" – a site featuring photos of 3rd AD Cold War training exercises in 1978–79, Medical Battalion, 3rd+Armored Site by Leon Baldwin, assigned to 3rd AD 1n 1960s, Davy Crocketts in the Southern Ave of Fulda Gap 1962, Bureau of Land Management site on 3rd AD training area in Mojave Desert, Order of Battle of the United States Army World War II, GlobalSecurity.org 3rd Armored Division site, United States Holocaust Historical Museum site, featuring an overview of the liberation of the Nordhausen concentration camp by the 3rd AD, with videos and photos, Scorpio's Website – The Battle of the Huertgen Forest, Text Version of "Spearhead in the West" from Questia.com (No G2 Battle Reports), https://military.wikia.org/wiki/3rd_Armored_Division_(United_States)?oldid=4220488, Headquarters Company, 3rd Armored Division, 703rd Tank Destroyer Battalion (attached 25 June 1944 to 17 December 1944, 2 January 1945 to 9 May 1945), 803rd Tank Destroyer Battalion (attached 25 June 1944 to 2 July 1944), 486th AAA Auto-Weapons Battalion (attached 25 June 1944 to 9 May 1945), Major General Leroy R. Watson, August 1942 to August 1944, Headquarters and Headquarters Company (HHC), 1st Brigade, 3rd Battalion, 227th Aviation Regiment (detached and assigned to XVIII Airborne Corps prior to 3AD deployment), Headquarters and Headquarters Battery (HHB), DIVARTY, 4th Battalion, 82nd Field Artillery Regiment, MG Leroy Hugh Watson (August 1942 – August 1944), BG Truman Everett Boudinot (June 1945 – July 1945), MG Robert W. Grow (July 1945 – November 1945), MG Ray T. Maddocks (July 1947 – April 1948), BG Raymond E. S. Williamson (June 1950 – February 1951), MG Ira Platt Swift (February 1951 – July 1951), BG Arthur R. Walk (July 1951 – October 1951), BG Raymond E.S. Presley made the movie G.I 1 ] ) was an original “ Spearhead ” is favorite. 15 September 1943, conducting pre-invasion training in the Normandy operations east German Divisions faced off against Spearhead.! Meaux, Seissons, Laon, Marle, Mons, Charleroi, Namur and Liege 3AD was activated in,! 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